Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder that causes one to have extreme mood swings that includes highs and lows. Manic episodes and depressive episodes.
During a depressive episode one might have feelings such as sad, hopeless, little energy, lost or increased appetite, lost interest in certain activities, suicidal thoughts. When the mood shifts to a mania or hypomania, hypomania is less severe than a manic episode, one might feel on top of the world, a lot of energy, agitated, self-confident, racing thoughts, irrational decision making, doing risky things. For some people with severe episodes of either manic or depressive episodes can lead to psychotic symptoms that includes hallucination or delusion, therefor some people can sometimes get misdiagnosed with schizophrenia. Both children and adults can have a bipolar disorder. Bipolar symptoms can also occur during pregnancy or with change of season. Bipolar symptoms can vary from adults to children and teens, it can be much harder to distinct the difference in mood swings teens and children.
There are different types of Bipolar disorder. Bipolar l disorder involves severe manic episodes that last for approximately one week, plus depressive episodes that lasts for two weeks but, it is also possible to have both depressive and manic symptoms at the same time. Bipolar ll disorder is defined by both depressive and hypomanic episodes and not manic episodes, a milder episode. Cyclothymic, when one experiences both depressive and hypomanic episodes for at least two years. This one can be difficult to diagnose because it’s not “severe enough” and doesn’t quite meet the criteria for Bipolar l and Bipolar ll.
The cause of bipolar disorder is still unknown but it could be genetic inheritance or biological difference. There are factors like having a relative, high stress, traumatic event or drug or alcohol abuse that can trigger bipolar symptoms. If the disorder isn’t treated it could lead to serious problems such as suicide, drug and alcohol use, poor work performance and damaging relationships and your own health in general. Bipolar can also lead to other heath conditions like anxiety disorders, substance abuse, ADHD and physical health problems. To treat Bipolar disorders there are for example, medication, and psychotherapy there to help.